‘Rock-city’ on Lake Victoria
Mwanza, with its strong Indian influence, is a port city surrounded by hills dotted with boulders.
Despite the hustle and bustle of this economic heart of the lake district, Tanzania’s second largest city, Mwanza, maintains its casual atmosphere.
- Height 1,140 m
- Residents 437,000
- dry season June to September
- wet season October to May
About Mwanza city
Mwanza, a thriving port city on Lake Victoria, is a good base for nearby Rubondo Island and safaris to the western Serengeti and the Ngorongoro Crater.
The location on the shores of Lake Victoria is very beautiful. The immense freshwater lake provides natural beauty, food and the necessary activity.
Culture & products
Mwanza City is the most important port on Lake Victoria and an important economic center in the region.
The lake borders the country’s East African neighbors: Uganda to the northwest and Kenya to the northeast.
Mwanza is also the center of the Sukuma tribe, the largest tribe in Tanzania, having inhabited and cultivated the region for centuries. 90% of the population of Mwanza is Sukuma. The Sukuma tribe is also the largest Bantu ethnic group in all of Tanzania. In Swahili, Sukuma means ‘north’, referring to the lake area.
Export and transport between the countries on Lake Victoria is a foundation of the economy of Mwanza city. Around the city you will mainly find farms. This concerns tea, cotton and coffee plantations, whose products are traded via Mwanza city.
An important activity of the inhabitants along the shores of Lake Victoria is fishing. There are, and there are five fish processing plants in the Mwanza area. The Nile perch introduced in Lake Victoria is exported in large quantities.
Climate & seasons
Mwanza City has a tropical savanna climate. Temperatures are relatively constant throughout the year, tempered by the city’s elevation (1,140 m). So the climate is not as hot as you would expect, given the city’s location near the equator. The average temperature in Mwanza is around 23.5 ° C all year round. Mwanza city can be visited all year round.
June to September:
There is hardly any rain, the temperatures are on average between 16 degrees at night and 28 degrees during the day.
October to May:
There is more rain, on average about 10 days a month. November and March / April are the wettest months during this period. Average temperatures average between 18 degrees at night and 27 degrees during the day.
1. Mwanza city was founded in 1892.
2. In Mwanza city you will find remains from the period of German and British colonial rule, the Indians and early Tanzania.
3. In 1858, British explorer John Speke was the first European to see the waters of Nyanza. He named Lake Victoria, after the reigning British Queen. Incidentally, he rightly claimed that the lake was the source of the Nile River.
4. Tanzania Breweries has one of its four brewery in Mwanza city. The brewery was founded in 1933 and was previously called Tanganyika Breweries, and is engaged in the production, distribution and sale of malt beer, non-alcoholic malt drinks and alcoholic fruit drinks throughout Tanzania.
5. Serengeti National Park is 150 km from Mwanza and is easily accessible by road, also for day trips. Rubondo Island is 110 km from Mwanza and can be reached by boat, car and plane.
6. Lake Victoria is Africa’s largest (freshwater) lake (almost 70,000 km2) and half is located in Tanzania. Unfortunately, it is not safe to go swimming everywhere.
Mwanza City is known as ‘Rock-city’ because of the gigantic stones all over the city. Take a tour of this cozy city with very friendly people or visit one of the spectacular rock formations or an island off the coast.
Animals in the area
On the small island of Saa Nane, a national park off the coast of Mwanza City, there are several mammals such as the impala, rock hyrax, vervet monkeys and wild cats. But also reptiles such as crocodiles, lizards and (python) snakes and in the lake especially Tilapia and Nile perch.
Dieren overzicht Mwanza City
- Monkey species
- Vervet monkey
Accommodation in Mwanza City
This city is a great starting or ending point for your safari in west Serengeti or Rubondo Island.
The beautiful location at Lake Victoria, the rock formations and it’s history are definitely worth it.